Antigone Essay, Research Paper
The Grecian play Antigone, written by Sophocles, has many antitheses. Among them are love versus hatred, life versus decease, and the province versus the person. However, the dominant antithesis is the 1 of pride versus wisdom.
Polyneices and Eteocles, two brothers, had killed each other in conflict. Their uncle Creon, the new male monarch, buried Eteocles with military awards, but forbad the entombment of Polyneices as he considered him a treasonist. Antigone, the sister of them both, feels she has to bury her ain brother even though it is against the male monarch s will. The drama begins with an statement between Antigone and Ismene, her sister. Ismene tries to deter her against burial Polyneices, because she is afraid that Creon will penalize Antigone by decease ; but her attempt comes to no help.
Creon became the male monarch of Thebes after the decease of the former male monarch, Eteocles. Originally, Creon tries to make what is best for his state. However, he is a proud adult male. Even when he is incorrect, he does non back down. Aristotle believed that some mistake or infirmity brings about the bad luck of a character in a calamity. For Creon, this infirmity is a failing in his character. His inordinate pride brings about his ain ruin.
I have nil but disdain for the sort of Governor who is afraid,
for whatever ground, to follow the class that he knows is best for the
State ; and as for the adult male who sets private friendly relationship above the populace
welfare-I have no usage for him, either. I call God to witness that if I
saw my state headed for ruin, I should non be afraid to talk out
obviously. ( 315 )
Creon, being a new male monarch, is determined to set up his authorization. He is holier-than-thou and swears to make merely what is best for Thebes. When he finds that Antigone has disobeyed him, he is outraged. He is rough and unforgiving in his judgement of her. This is merely amplified by the fact that they are blood-related. For Creon wants to turn out to his topics that he is impartial, and does non decrease the penalty, even for his ain household. Antigone is proud every bit good, and does non back down. Even in the face of decease, she maintains her ideals and continues to believe that her actions are justified.
At the stopping point of the 2nd scene, the audience learns that Antigone is the fianc vitamin E of Haimon, the boy of Creon. Haimon has every ground to be angry. After all, his male parent has robbed him of his bride. Yet, he goes to Creon non with heartache or Bi
tterness, but with regard and love. Calm and composed, Haimon is the voice of wisdom and ground. He begs Creon to be giving, to recognize that he is non the lone one capable of concluding. Haimon asks his male parent to allow travel of pride and choler, and to let himself to be counseled by others. Unfortunately, Creon is non moved. Alternatively of compromising and run intoing Haimon halfway, he is infuriated, convinced that his boy has sold out to a adult female and a condemnable. This is the beginning of the downward spiral for Creon. Convinced of his ain righteousness, he alienates his boy. Haimon leaves cursing ne’er to return. However, he makes a promise before go forthing: Then she must decease. -But her decease will do another. ( 329 )
Creon s guards seal Antigone in a cave and leave her there to decease. Soon after, Teiresias, the blind prophesier, brings upseting intelligence to Creon. The Gods are deaf to their supplications, the fire kicks from their offerings, and the birds of portents have killed each other. Creon s actions have greatly angered the Gods. Teiresias says to Creon, These are no trifles! Think: all work forces make errors, /But a good adult male outputs when he knows his class is incorrect, /And repairs the immorality. The lone offense is pride. ( 334 ) Once once more, Creon refuses to listen to the wise words of others. This clip, though, it is non a mere person but the Gods who demand reparation. Even so, Creon can non acknowledge to his errors. The thought that he, the male monarch, is incorrect is so foreign to Creon that he alternatively places the incrimination on Teiresias, the prophesier who speaks for the Gods. He accuses Teiresias of taking payoffs, of interchanging his wisdom for gold. Creon does non genuinely listen until the chorus, the people of his land, speaks out. When they ground with him, his pride eventually gives in to wisdom.
Creon goes frontward, prepared to make what is necessary to compensate his wrongs. However, as is frequently the instance in life, he does non atone shortly plenty. In the wake, he is left with the deceases of three people, all of which he caused. He is left to retrieve all the things he could hold done otherwise, and that is perchance the worst penalty of all. Ultimately, King Creon learns his lesson, but it is a difficult lesson and one that brings down everyone around him. Possibly he, himself, says it best.
I have been rash and foolish.
I have killed my boy and my married woman.
I look for comfort ; my comfort lies here dead.
Whatever my custodies have touched has come to nil.
Destiny has brought all my pride to a idea of dust. ( 340 )