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Ending Poverty To End Crime Essay, Research Paper

Ending Poverty to End Crime

In 1995, about 13.8 per centum of the United States population was

populating below the Social Security Administration? s ( SSA? s ) poorness criterion.

Many of those that do populate below the poorness criterion are given some signifier of

aid, be it pecuniary or otherwise yet, the sum of money given frequently

consequences in resource want. For illustration, in 1995, the day-to-day sum of

aid given to a individual on public assistance for nutrient was $ 3.66. This is hardly

plenty to populate off of for a short period of clip, allow entirely long periods of clip

( Cochran et al. 209 ) . For old ages, people have debated as to whether or non

vicinities that had high per centums of people populating in resource want

cause higher offense rates. It has been proven that there is so a direct nexus

between life in poorness and the offense rate of the vicinity. Its is for

this ground, that the current methods of delegating the sum of assistance given to

public assistance receivers must be adjusted to lower offense rates.

Whether or non merely increasing the sum of assistance given will diminish offense

rates, is still of much argument. In the consequences of a survey conducted by Judith

and Peter Blau, socioeconomic inequality was stated to be the ground for the

higher offense rates in big metropolitan countries. They claim that it is really

the income differences shown between societal categories that leads to tension

between the categories which consequences in the higher offense rates. They claim that

whether or non households live in resource want, there will ever be a

continuously higher offense rate. ( Blau, 122 ) . Most are opposed to this position

nevertheless, and think that the simple relief of resource want will

adequately lower offense rates.

The primary ground for a belief in the demand for the accommodation of the current

methods or delegating assistance given to welfare receivers, is the consequences of the

research done by Hanon and Defranzo. Hannon and Defronzo? s research was an

effort to find whether or non there is a direct nexus between poorness and

offense. They did this by analysing informations of big metropolitan counties. The

counties were selected based chiefly on three standards. The first was that the

county had to hold a resident population of 100,000 people or more. The 2nd

standard was that the county be designated by the nose count as being a

metropolitan a

rea. The 3rd standard was that the county had available records

of offense activity in the country. The consequences found that many of the statistics,

which were reported by the Blau? s to hold no evident consequence on offense rates,

really did impact the rates. Unemployment and the per centum of adult females in the

labour force were found to hold a positive relationship on the offense rates

although merely for non-violent offenses. In simpler footings, the article states that

when there is equal public assistance support in the sum that will somewhat diminish

the sum of resource want, the offense rates will so demo to be non

affected by poorness rates. The rates showed that the poorest vicinities had

the highest rate of offense. The survey besides showed that those having the same

sum of assistance in one country could hold significantly higher or lower rates of

offense due to the fact that there are no cost of populating accommodations ( 388 ) .

With the consequences demoing the direct nexus between resource want and

offense rates, it would look evident to most people that there is a definite

demand for public assistance reform. However, the United States authorities has non taken any

stairss to relieve the want in the destitute countries. No cost of life

accommodation is scheduled to be implemented into the authoritiess public assistance policy

any clip shortly, and until so the offense rates will stay high. Hanon and

Defranzo? s research shows that if you alleviate the resource want by

including cost of populating accommodations in the sum of assistance received by public assistance

receivers, you will take down the rate of offense in the country to which the cost of

populating accommodation it applied. Until the clip comes that the authorities includes

these accommodations rates of offense will non take down in the metropoliss no affair what

sum of offense bar is implemented.

Blau, Judith and Peter Blau. ? The Cost of Inequality:

Metropolitan Structure And Violent

Crime? . JSTOR.org. January 2001. 10 February 2001

& lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.jstor.org/fcgibin/jstor/postquery.fcg/8dd5

532a.9821623810/1? configsortorder=SCORE & A ; frame=frame & A ; displaced person

i=3 & A ; config=jstor & gt ; .

Cochran, Clarke E. , et Al. American Public Policy: An

Introduction. 6th erectile dysfunction. New York:

Deserving Publishers. 1999: 207-210.

Hannon, Lance and James Defronzo. ? The Truly Disadvantaged,

Public Assistance, and Crime. ? Social Problems Vol.45

No. 3 August ( 1998 ) : 383- 388 390-391.

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