Is Knowledge Worth Seeking Essay, Research Paper
Socrates argued that actively seeking out cognition leads to the ability of adult male to chair his behaviour consequently. If one examines a state of affairs thoughtfully, and from several angles, the most logical class of action will show itself. By exerting this method of concluding a individual becomes wise. Socrates would name this the ability to regulate the qualities of your psyche decently and it is doubtless what he sought. The procedure brings out the virtuous qualities in adult male and allows him to do determinations based on truth, which leads finally to good. Discipline of the head can merely profit its proprietor ; and therefore cognition is deserving seeking.
Socrates defines knowledge as absolute truth. He believes that everything in the existence is innately connected ; if one thing is known so potentially everything can be derived from that one truth. The cardinal thoughts that Socrates seeks to bring out are called signifiers. This construct is illustrated when Socrates inquiries Meno on what virtuousness is. Meno reply with several illustrations of what is virtuous. This of class is non what Socrates is inquiring ; he is inquiring Meno what all virtuous Acts of the Apostless portion in common. For Socrates this relationship between all virtuous Acts of the Apostless is what virtuousness basically is. A individual can see virtuous Acts of the Apostless but can non see virtuousness. Because of this, the thought of virtuousness must be someplace independent of the perceivable universe. This is true with all signifiers or thoughts of flawlessness: they are something that can non be known by human sense but reasoned out by single human idea.
One can non, nevertheless, mistake cognition for right sentiment. Socrates makes differentiations between right sentiment and cognition. Opinions are non something that one can seek because they are beliefs held on rickety land. True sentiments are a all right thing and do all kinds of good so long as they stay in their topographic point, but they will non remain long. They run off from a adult male s head ( 97-98, Meno ) Knowledge is unmistakable truth that can non be changed in an statement: it holds true in all state of affairss in all clip.
In affairs refering to everlasting truths, one can reason that such truths are comparative merely to adult male in his finite brooding province. If these absolute thoughts are true for all of clip, did they exist before adult male did? If so, who was it that idea of them? Since one must contemplate these absolute truths ( and the beginning of anything contemplated is in the human head ) , they are therefore absolute merely to worlds. Socrates would likely reason that our since our psyches are immortal these thoughts would hold existed with them boundlessly in clip until adult male as we know it came approximately. However, this is somewhat disappointing as thoughts and constructs cease to be if there is nil capable of reflecting on them.
Socrates believes in these abstract thoughts and his purpose is to ground them out. He whole-heartedly believes that seeking cognition is a worthy cause. This pursuit is more of import to him than worldly ownerships and even his ain household. Does it look natural that I should hold neglected my ain personal businesss and endured the humiliation of leting my household to be neglected for all these old ages pressing you to put your ideas on goodness? ( 31, Apology ) In seeking cognition one additions wisdom ; seeking cognition must so be good that can merely take to good
Socrates believes that wisdom so is good judgement with respect to absolute truth. It is a virtuousness that resides in the rational psyche that is possessed by the adult male who seeks out truths. Wisdom so is a type of cognition because it is a truth on how to regulate yourself or others right. It is in the method of bring outing truths that the searcher attains wisdom. In The Republic it is Socrates belief that the people who rule over a province should be wise ; and who better to execute this undertaking so the adult male who s nonsubjective is to seek out these truths.
It is the cognition of the defenders, he replied, and is found among those whom we were merely now depicting as perfect defenders.
And what is the name which the metropolis derives from the ownership of
this kind of cognition?
The name of good in advocate and genuinely wise. ( 428, Republic )
The adult male who actively seeks out cognition is appointed the undertaking of swayer because he is wise, and therefore the one best suited to do good judgements on affairs of great importance.
Bing wise allows one to exert the qualities of their psyche in a proper mode. The psyche as Socrates views it is divided in to three parts: ground, appetitive, and spirit. Reason being the portion that allows one to apologize, the appetitive being the portion that desires things, and spirit being the ally to ground which puts ground into action. One who is wise will hold great control over these qualities: therefore reared and holding learned and been educated to make their ain work in the true sense of the phrase, will preside over the appetitive portion which is the mass of the psyche ( 442, Republic ) . By holding the ability to command 1s desires and being able to ground out truth one can avoid the possibility of making evil out of ignorance. Socrates positions ground as being the good adult male s greatest plus.
Reason, nevertheless, does non look to hold been the driving force behind Socrates quest for cognition. Socrates unmanageable desire to seek out cognition finally leads to his ain death. Would anyone make anything if there were non some desire act uponing his or her actions? He knows that by sing the people of Athens and oppugning their cognition, he makes more enemies so friends. There is no uncertainty that he realizes this ; but he keeps on oppugning. He is so charged and brought to tribunal where he decides non to implore for clemency but to go on seeking for the truth. His quenchless desire for cognition has gotten him into problem, which would hold been avoided if he controlled it. Socrates might non see his quest for cognition as something that resides in the appetitive portion of his psyche ; but where else could a desire so strong that one would set his life on the line emerge?
Socrates believes that no adult male desires evil and lone desires the good. For what else is unhappiness but wanting evil things and acquiring them? ( 78, Meno ) In seeking cognition, one will come to an apprehension of what is genuinely good ; and if this is so, so making good is the lone thing that they can make. No one desires to be hurt or have any incorrect done upon him or her. Any evil action committed by person merely means that they don t recognize immoralities for what they are, don T desire immorality but they think it is good, though in fact it is evil. ( 77, Meno ) This evil act is a consequence of ignorance. The immorality would be avoided if the individual in inquiry genuinely understood what the full effects of their actions were both to themselves and to the victim. By holding the ability to ground out truth, one can avoid
the possibility of making evil out of ignorance.
Alternately it can be argued that people who are weak willed can ground out the truth but non move in conformity with it. People by and large tend to set themselves before others in most affairs refering their wellbeing. When it comes to harming others to profit themselves a moral determination has to be made. The difference lies in whether the individual has regard for being virtuous but still succumbs to want on occasion or intentionally embraces the desires of their psyche. Person might to the full understand the effects of their incorrect actions but desire masks their consciousness of what is genuinely good. Socrates would reason that people who intentionally choose to perpetrate Acts of the Apostless of incorrect do so because they possess incorrect sentiments on the affairs and no true cognition of them.
In drumhead, the quest for cognition is a worthy 1. Since adult male desires merely good so wisdom is what he should seek. What better good is at that place but to hold good judgement over his behavior and decently asseverate himself in all state of affairss? Even though Socrates position of absolute truths can be argued to be creative activities of human idea and are non true as an absolute thing that exists independently of adult male, the method of logical thinking is applicable to everyone and can merely help one in farther ventures of apprehension.