Sharpville Massacre Questions 1-5 ( History GCSE ) Essay, Research Paper
1 ) In? what waysdo beginnings A+B agree about the events in Sharpeville on the
forenoon of 21stof March?
Beginning A is a primary sourcewritten by Humphery Tyler a Journalist from a
south African magazine. Source bis a secondary beginning, it is a study to an
English newspaper, a twenty-four hours after theshooting.
The two beginnings agree thatarmored autos Saracens were present every bit good as
constabulary autos. Source A says thatthere was three Saracens armored autos present
earlier in the twenty-four hours while. B saysthere was a twelve Saracens. Source A? ? large
grey constabulary auto and three Saracens? ? ? .Source B? ? About a twelve Saracens? ? ? . The
two beginning besides agree that the policewere good armed. Beginning B? ? constabulary
supports were sent at that place? ? ? . Beginning A: ? ? There were plentifulness of constabulary,
excessively, good armed. A constable shoved his rifleagainst my window shield. ? ? ? The
two beginnings both agree and say that the eventshappened in Sharpeville. Beginning
B starts the study with? ? Around Sharpeville? ? ? , as excessively does beginning A? ? we went
into Sharpeville the back manner? ? ? . ? Beginning A fails to advert the figure
ofprotesters at that place. Just the obscure description? ? many people? ? ? . Though in
beginning Bthe history says that the constabulary station was? ? virtually besieged by
thousandsof Africans? ? ? .
Tyler describes the twenty-four hours as? ? ASunday outing? ? ? . He describes the crowd as
? ? smile and cheerful? ? ? . He says thatchildren were present wave at the
constabularies work forces? ? Two even waved back? ? ? . Beginning Bdoes non advert this or anything
about the dissenters emotions. Beginning B said? ? problem was expected? ? ? . If
problem was expected why were childs present, smilingand being happy. This does
non demo any marks of problem and the adult females andchildren present suggests that
the Africans did non anticipate problem. Source Bdescribes in the study a
hiting in the forenoon? ? which one African was killedand another earnestly
wounded? ? ? . This was non mentioned in the beginning A.
Beginning A describes theprotesters Shouting Pan African stating? ? Izwe Lethu? ? ?
which means our land. Theyare described as? ? many people? ? ? . While beginning B
writes? ? that they were virtuallybesieged by 1000 s of Afrikaans shouting
? ? ? Africa, Africa? ? ? . This is a muchmore aggressive chant than our land, which
was described in beginning A. Thismakes the crowd expression hostile. And with the
1000s of them makes them soundbad: aggressive.
Overall there are far moredisagreements than understandings. I feel that Beginning
B, the study published inthe English newspaper, was seeking to warrant their
actions more than give adescription of the events of the forenoon March 21st. ?
What are the similarities anddifferences between the two beginnings description
of the events in Sharpville onthe forenoon of 21st March?
The beginnings are bothphotographic, beginning C was in taken in the forenoon of
March 21st.Source D was taken on the same twenty-four hours but subsequently at noon. Both
exposures are of thecrowds of dissenters at Sharpville.
Beginning C and D both show thecrowds? of African dissenters and bothshow
vehicles, these are the chief similarities. Source C is a image takenbehind
the constabulary and confronting the dissenters. Two police officers are sitting on topof a
Saracen in the unfastened looking relaxed. Another police officer is walking pastthem.
Three Saracen armoured autos are mentioned in beginning Angstrom of Tyler? ? ? s
account. ? ? Driving behind a large grey constabulary auto and three Saracen armored
autos? ? ? . Thoughin the image I can merely see one, this shows how exposures are
limited in gettingthe full image and can go forth things out.
The constabulary look really unagitated oneeven has his weaponries folded. The flaps on the
armoured auto are unfastened and the vehicleappears to be stationary. As it can be
difficult to state if the existent exposure is aaccurate contemplation of the events shown.
Photographic grounds is the same asan eyewitness, but the truth of the
image can be changed. Thingss can beblocked out, visual aspects of people can
be altered. There is know manner of knowingthat the auto is switched away, it
might be on and traveling towards the protesters.We can non see any arms in
the image, the lone hint to the constabulary beingarmed in the exposure, are large
straps across their dorsums. Source A dorsums this insaying? ? Police, excessively, good
armed? ? ? ? ? Shoved his rifle against my wind-shield? ? ?
The constabulary are actingcautiously to hold such a large autos present and big
constabularies force their.Humphery Tyler describes what he saw? ? Plenty of constabulary? ? ? .
This could be tointimidate the dissenters, or to demo that the constabulary are
ready for any violentprotesters.
In beginning C dissenters arefacing the camera and the constabulary. They look unagitated
and relaxed in the warmmornings heat. Source A describes how the dissenters
were acting, earlier inthe twenty-four hours? ? They were grinning and cheerful? ? ? ? ? Sunday
outing? ? ? . Their are no signsin the exposure of dissenters fearing onslaught or
looking for problem with thepolice. Tyler? ? ? s history in beginning A describes the
atmosphere between constabulary andprotesters? ? Some childs waved to the constabulary
sitting on the Saracens and two ofthe police officers waved back? ? ? . The dissenters
look a long distance from the policeand the vehicle, this is making tenseness
as the constabulary look to be armed, while the dissenters do non. There are
restrictions with photographic grounds, objects can be blocked out and thing
non look to be what they seem.
There are a little crowd gathered in forepart of the constabulary no morethan two rows
large. The dissenters have no streamers or written marks of protest.They show no
emotions or actions of protest. This could be because it is in themorning
when non many dissenters are their yet. ? In the crowd I can non see any white
people. But the image is inblack and white and difficult to separate characteristics
of the dissenters in thebackground. Though they are some adult females in the crowd,
this is backed up bysource E another infusion from Tyler? ? ? s history? ? Hundreds
of adult females rushed pastus? ? ?
I feel that the message givenout shows the constabulary to hold the crowds of
dissenters under their control. Thecrowd shows no marks of feeling or active
protest. There is besides no marks ofviolence from the constabulary or the dissenters
. I think that the crowd is really farback, this might be because they feel
wary of the arms that the policecarry.
Beginning D is a image takenfrom within a crowd of dissenters at noon 21st
of March, the sameday as beginning C. Just like beginning C the image contains a
vehicle. But insteadof it looking stationary in forepart of the crowd, it looks
as though it ispassing it.
The vehicle is a big car.Their are no marks to state in the exposure that
it is a constabulary auto. Unlike insource C where it was clear by the presence of
the constabulary, this beginning has knowvisible constabularies, in or around the auto that I
can see. This is because aprotesters manus is barricading the driver, and the
rider side of the auto is blackwith no item. But this could be the auto
from the council, mentioned in sourceB, ? ? A motor auto from the council, which
went through earlier in the forenoon, emerged a wreck and the people inside
were injured? ? ? . The vehicle does notappear to be wrecked or damaged.
The crowd are all drawn tothe vehicle herding around it, ? bunchedup to one
another on both sides of the vehicle with their pollexs up indicating tothe
driver of the auto. The crowd is much more active than in beginning C the
crowdlook exited and full of life. The caption explains that? ? The pollex up
gn wasa symbol of protest? ? ? This looks to be in the image a nonviolent
signifier ofprotest. As the bulk have their pollexs up confronting the auto.
Beginning D is closer to thetime of the shot as the constabulary look like they
hold lost control of theprotesters. The temper of the protest has changed
dramatically, there is now morefeeling shown on peoples faces, and emotions
in their organic structure linguistic communication. ?
The beginnings in many ways areopposite to one another. Source C shows the
dissenters to be a long manner awayfrom the constabulary vehicles and the
lensman. Unlike beginning D where theprotesters are close to the auto and
the lensman taking the image isinside the crowd. ? Their are
fewprotesters in beginning C compared to beginning D where the dissenters
couldrightfully be described as hunting the auto. In both of the beginnings the
policeappear to hold some authorization because their in vehicles and the crowds
ofprotesters are on pes. The two chief similarities of the crowds are that
theiris no force and that they are unarmed. Overall there are more
differencesbetween the two beginnings. The images portray the tempers of
dissenters atSharpville throughout the twenty-four hours and how their emotions alteration.
Question 3How reliable is beginning F asevidence of what happened? Explain your
reply? Beginnings F is a secondarysource written by the Anglican Bishop of
Johannesburg, Ambrose Reeves. Thestatements were formed a few yearss after the
hiting. They were collected byhim under curse while sing and talking to
the hurt. It say that? ? Witnesss? ? | were in separate wards of the infirmary
and could non hold talkedbefore doing their statements. ? ? ? The information can
be trusted because thebishop is under curse to God, ? if he wereto interruption this
and prevarication he would be interrupting his faith and promise to God. Allthe people
that he interviewed were at that place at Sharpeville and have the injuriesto prove
it. His first sentence starts with? ? All the informants? ? ? . ? Source E is written
byHumphery Tyler and is a primary beginning as he was at that place at the clip. The
sourceis an infusion from Tyler? ? ? s history? ? We heard the yak of a machine
gun, thenanother, so another? ? ? . Source F of the Bishops interviews read that
thewitnesses said? ? The constabulary lined up out side the constabulary station and all
firedtogether? ? ? Tyler? ? ? s history dorsums this up. ? The Bishop said that? ? Allthe
statements agree that the crowd was non armed, even with sticks. ? ? ?
Alsowitnesses said they were? ? Unarmed and did non near the constabulary station
withviolent intentions. ? ? ? This is backed up by beginning D a photographic beginning
of thecrowds at Sharpeville. The image is taken deep within the crowd and
doesn? ? ? tshow any of the crowd to be armed. ? This is a justified statement as
Tyler the lone journalist there saidthat? ? I saw no arms, afterwards when I
studied the exposure of the deathscene? ? ? ? The Bishop says that? ? Nearlyall
those being treated in infirmary had been shot in the back. ? ? ? This is backedup
with the exposure taken by Tyler? ? ? s Photographer. The beginning G shows
theprotesters running from the constabulary station, with a constabulary adult male in the
distancestanding on top of a Saracen. In beginning E Tyler describes this to be
apoliceman firing his root gun into the crowd? ? He was singing it around in
awide discharge from his hip as though he were panning a film camera? ? ? ? In both
beginning E and F bothstatements agree with one another that their was no
warning given to the crowdsof dissenters. ? ? I heard no warning to the crowd? ? ?
? ? constabulary did non try togive any warning before opening fire. ? ? ? With both
of these quotation marks holding withone another suggests that the statement is
dependable. ? Source F becomes morereliable with the grounds given in beginnings
Tocopherol, D, and G as they all agree withthe statements collected by the hurt.
Even though it is a secondary sourceand the Bishop is a antiapartheid
candidate, it is made more dependable as asource when cross-examined with the
other beginnings. ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Question 4SharpevilleWhich is the more utile asevidence of what happened at
Sharpville, Source E or Source G? Both the beginnings are primarysources and
both are utile for giving grounds at Sharpeville. Source E is awritten
history from Humphery Tyler, who was the lone journalist present inSharpville
that twenty-four hours. He describes in item what he saw before and after theshooting.
Beginning G is a photographic beginning taken by the lensman withTyler in
beginning E. ? Source E is utile asevidence as it describes state of affairs and
fortunes in item. For instanceEmotions, feelings and what he heard and
proverb. He captures the atmosphere good? ? Yak of machine guns? ? ? ? ? so another
, so another? ? ? this is what causedthe dissenters to fly. ? ? Hundreds of
adult females rushed past us? ? ? ? ? small male child had anold coat which he held behind his
caput believing that it might salvage him from thebullets? ? ? . Tyler turns his
attending to the adult females and kids to capture theinnocence of sight he saw.
This graphic description is backed by beginning G. Itshows clearly a adult females and a
kid running to the sides of the camera, with manyfollowing buttocks. ? Tyler
depict how thepolice were firing into the crowd. ? ? Policemen was standing
on top of a Saracen? ? ? ? ? Open firing his root gun into the crowd? ? ? . This is backed
one time once more in beginning G, there is a policeman standing above the crowds of
dissenters, as they ran fromthe constabulary station. In Source G I am able to do
out the police officers standing onthe Platform which I am presuming is the Saracen,
that was mentioned in Tyler? ? ? saccount. He writes in his history that the
constabularies said that the? ? crowd werearmed with? ? ? fierce arms? ? ? . He following
explains what he saw of the crowdbefore and after the shot, ? ? I saw no
arms? ? ? ? ? And afterwards when Istudied the exposure of the decease scene I
proverb merely shoes, chapeaus and a fewbicycles left among the organic structures? ? ? . In the image
of the dissenters runningtowards the camera no arms of and sort can be
seen non even umbrellas whichare shown in Source D, as Tyler describes in his
history they merely left everything in order to fly. Through this beginning the
grounds is able to be seen inthe heads oculus. Source G is utile asevidence
because it does non hold to be described and at a glimpse the readercan
determine for themselves what is go oning. Besides people believe more whatthey
see than what their told and holds more dependability with them.
Althoughphotographic grounds is the same as an eyewitness, the truth of
the picturecan be changed by the developer. Thingss can be blocked out,
visual aspects ofpeople can be altered. Areas of the image can be lightened or
darkened.Objects can be made bigger or smaller.So their is an country of
uncertainness inthe lucidity of pictures.The image Africanprotesters running
from the constabulary station situated behind them, towards thecamera. Which is
backed up with Tyler? ? ? s history? ? Hundreds of adult females rushed pastus? ? ? ? ? Hundreds
of childs were running to? ? ? . The image is taken with a broad anglelens and
captures the graduated table of the people flying. The photograph links withwhat is in
Tyler? ? ? s history, so I don? ? ? T think the image was altered. In order to acquire
the full useout of these excessively beginnings you have to set the to types of
information togetherin order to accomplish the maximal cognition of what
happened. Using the pictureto shows the existent life ocular images, while the
written beginning to convey out thedetails missed in the image. Unlike the
written beginnings the advantage ofusing photographic grounds are that the
individual looking at the beginning can maketheir ain head up.