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Sigmund Freud Essay, Research Paper

Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud & # 8217 ; s radical thoughts have set the criterion for modernpsychoanalysis that pupils of psychological science can larn from, and his thoughts spreadfrom the field of medical specialty to day-to-day life. His surveies in countries such asunconsciousness, dreams, gender, the Oedipus composite, and sexualmaladjustments laid the foundation for future surveies and a better understandingof the little things that shape our lives. In 1873 Freud graduated from the Sperl Gymnasium and, inspired by apublic reading of an essay on nature by Goethe, Freud decided to turn tomedicine as a calling ( Gay, 10 ) . He worked at the University of Vienna with oneof the taking physiologists of his twenty-four hours, Ernst von Brucke, and in 1882 he enteredthe General Hospital in Vienna as a clinical helper. After doing severalconclusions about the encephalon & # 8217 ; s myelin, Freud was appointed lector inneuropathology. At this same clip in Freud & # 8217 ; s calling, he developed an involvement inthe medical utilizations and benefits of cocaine ( Britannica, 582 ) . Even though somebeneficial consequences were found in some signifiers of oculus surgery, cocaine usage wasgenerally denied by the sawboness of his clip. This involvement in the narcotic hurtFreud & # 8217 ; s medical repute for a clip. This episode in Freud & # 8217 ; s life has beenlooked at as an illustration of his & # 8220 ; willingness to try bold solutions to relievehuman agony ( Wittels,98 ) . & # 8221 ; From 1885 to 1886 Freud spent 19 hebdomads with Jean MartinCharcot, a universe celebrated brain doctor and the manager of a Paris refuge. It wasCharcot that foremost introduced Freud to the thought of crazes and hysterics. Freudbecame intrigued by the thought of mesmerism as a method of therapy, but he wastold that lone hysterics could be treated with mesmerism ( Appignanesi, 34 ) . Therewas a steadfast belief that lone adult females could be hysteric and that no adult male or non-hysteric adult female could be affected by the usage of mesmerism. Freud knew thathysteria could merely develop where there is a devolution of the encephalon, non justwith adult females but with work forces excessively and that mesmerism could hold an consequence on normalpeople. Freud lost his involvement in craze and mesmerism, but developed a wishing ofthe psychoanalytic method of free association. This method encouraged thepatient to show any random ideas that came to the head, which promoted a & # 8221 ; watercourse of consciousness & # 8221 ; that helped tap into the unconsciousness. Thematerial that the patient said in this watercourse of consciousness was a nexus to theideas of the unconscious head that was usually concealed, bury or & # 8221 ; unavailable to witting contemplation & # 8221 ; ( Freud, 47 ) . Unlike his comrade Charcot, Freud believed that based on his clinical surveies, some mental upsets likehysteria were based on sexual mode. For illustration, Freud linked & # 8220 ; the etiologyof neurotic symptoms to the same battle between a sexual feeling or impulse andthe psychic defences against it. ( Gay, 536 ) & # 8221 ; He felt that being able to speak aboutsuch jobs were important in assisting the patient and utilizing free association wasthe best manner to face and handle these feelings. After the decease of Freud & # 8217 ; s male parent in 1899, Freud decided on analysing thelast words of his male parent that seemed to hold touched Freud. This led to aninterest in the analyzation of dreams which were what Freud called & # 8220 ; the royalroad to a cognition of the unconscious & # 8221 ; ( Britannica, 585 ) . Published in 1899, The Interpretation of Dreams which is considered his maestro work, Freudpresented his findings. In the book, Freud used his ain dreams and the dreamsof some of his clinical patients as grounds and he concluded that dreamsplayed a cardinal function in a individual & # 8217 ; s mind. Freud called the head & # 8217 ; s energythe libido which was related straight to one & # 8217 ; s sexual thrust. This libido usesdreams in order to purge enjoyable or painful feelings as anoutlet ( Appignanesi, 64 ) . Harmonizing to Freud, all dreams, including incubuss, are mercantile establishments of this libido energy. In order to understand and to the full interpret dreams, Freud devised a fourpoint system that is used to interpret dreams: The first point is called condensation, which operates through the merger ofseveral different thoughts or elements into one vision. The 2nd point, called supplanting, involves permutation of one thing foranother such as a male monarch and a father.The 3rd point, called representation, involves the transmutation ofthoughts into images.The concluding point involves looking at the dream from a different position

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and remembering the ideas in a witting province ( Wittels, 211 ) . In 1904 Sigmund Freu

d published the book The Psychopathology ofEveryday Life which explored everyday errors in speech which he believed wereof interpretable importance. These “Freudian slip’s” were unlike dreams in thesense that they can arise from immediate hostile, jealous, or egotistic causes. Just one year after publishing his book on psychopathology in everydaysituations, Freud published Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious. In thisbook, Freud compared jokes to dreams in the sense that like dreams, jokes hada double sided meaning. What he meant by this was that jokes were formed inthe conscious, but had a base in the unconscious mind. In addition to publishinga book on jokes in 1905, Freud published Three Essays on the Theory ofSexuality. This book established Freud and some of his associates Richard vonKraft-Ebing, Havelock Ellis, Albert Moll, and Iwan Bloch as the “pioneeringexperts of sexology.”(Gay, 613) Sexual development starting young children,along with the ease of maladjustment in sexual development were the mainbasis of this publication. Freud stated that sexuality was one of the main”movers” in human behavior. Sigmund Freud outlined three stages of the sexualdevelopment of children:The oral phase, which occurs first, plants the seed of the mother being alove object because of breast feeding. The mother is the first love object forthe child. The anal phase, occurs second because of the introduction to toilet training.This stage is especially important because the skill of self-control is put uponthe child. As the child develops, he/she learns that defecation is pleasurable,and must be controlled. The phallic stage is the final stage of sexual development. Freud based iton the story of Oedipus Rex(Appignanesi, 98). The general story of Oedipusis the urge to sleep with your mother and kill your father. The reason thatFreud associated this story is because in 1896, the year that his father died,he began the analyzation of his dad’s dreams. In doing so, he confronted ahatred toward his father through his dreams. Through the studies that Sigmund Freud conducted in sexology, he askedhimself the question of how are homosexuals developed? After studying for atime he concluded that due to possible trauma as children(such as sexualabuse), homosexuals could have been forced in the wrong direction. Thismaladjustment forces a perversion into the person which the libido(the mind’senergy and the person’s sexual drive) takes over in the form of an obsession. In 1923 Freud published the book The Ego and the Id. He split up thehuman psyche into three different forms:The Id was the first and represented the primitive urges of children and whichwere based centrally on the desire for pleasure. The ego is considered to be the guide for reality and changes with thesituation that the person is in. The super-ego is related to the Id in the sense that it is based in feelings ofthe past and it provides an outlet for a person’s aggressions(Britannica, 584). Sigmund Freud laid the foundation for modern psycochanalysis so thatstudents of psychology could study and expand on his ideas. His ideas wereground-breaking and were not like anything that anyone had ever heard of.All of his ideas can be directly related back to people and applied toeveryday life. Such ideas like jokes and their relation to the unconscious are extremelyfascinating because of their significance to what people really are. Because ofFreud, people can step back and look at exactly what their dreams mean andwhat their mind is trying to tell them. One of Freud’s greatest contributions tosociety was his expertise in the field of sexology. Because of his work, Freudintroduced a way to people which allows them to understand how they werebrought up and allows them to figure out the best way to bring up their ownchildren. Also, Freud’s discoveries in sexual problems and perversions allowpeople to have a greater understanding of what makes people do the things thatthey do. Freud’s ingenious development of the three stage way that childrenform their sexual identies allows parents to have a better understanding of whattheir children are going through and the importance of small things in life liketoilet training and it’s relation to controlling the pleasures of every day life. Sigmund Freud’s work can have an effect on all people’s lives if they know whathis has done and if they take a moment to analyze their own lives. “I am actually not a man of science at all … I am nothing but aconquistador by temperament, an adventurer.”

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