Some Positions On Sartre Essay, Research Paper
Sartre & # 8217 ; s View
1. Existence Precedes Essence/ Subjectivity is the Get downing Point
O Freedom for Self
o You are the centre of your ain value system
o As a free agent, you spin your web
o You are thrown in to the universe, so you create yourself, your nature, your kernel
o Atheistic position of ego and how we exist: it gives no account for who we are as because of a higher power
O There is no psyche that existed before one is born and will populate on after one dies ; there is merely worlds as affair
o We are created as matter/ nature, merely like any other animate beings: merely so after we exist do we separate ourselves apart from other animals, and that makes us human.
2. Complete Responsibility over Self
o Because we are free agents and we make ourselves who we are, we therefore have a duty for ourselves.
o If we have entire freedom for who we become, so we are wholly responsible for every action we do
O This entire duty for ego can do anguish or forlorness
O This torment is due to the anxiousness one feels when he/she realizes there are no absolute values or absolute right and incorrect when every individual is responsible for themselves, and no 1 else is responsible for them
o Everything you are is wholly on your shoulders, so when 1 does something, it is their duty and effect to face, it is no 1 else & # 8217 ; s making
O In response to the feeling of anguish or forlorness, sometimes it can do bad religion
o Bad religion is when there are no absolute values, one can make whatever they want, and merely they are responsible, no one justice or state it is incorrect
3. Duty for Humanity
o If you are responsible for ego, you are besides responsible for all human people
O When you choose for ego, it automatically chooses for all individuals
O This adds to anguish or forlorness and creates a really pessimistic position: homo is condemned to be free.
o The determinations that you make make a value system for all humanity
o If you want to be a generous individual, so you are confirming generousness for all humanity to populate up to.
O This duty for humanity shows that one does hold effects for their actions because it affects all other people
o It is a standard image of value: if one makes a determination, so they are doing the determination for everyone else
4. Because 1s existence precedes their kernel, one is wholly responsible for him or herself, and in bend is besides wholly responsible for humanity