South Korea Essay, Research Paper
South Korean politician who became a outstanding resistance leader during the term of office of President Park Chung Hee. In 1997 he became the first resistance leader to win election to his state & # 8217 ; s presidency.Kim was the boy of a husbandman, and he graduated from the Mokp & # 8217 ; o School of Commerce at the top of his category in 1943. He began working as a clerk in a Japanese-owned company and in 1945 took over the company, finally going a affluent man of affairs. During the Korean War he was captured by the Communists and sentenced to be changeable, but he managed to escape.In the 1950s Kim became an fervent prodemocracy militant and in 1954 sonant resistance to the policies of President Syngman Rhee. After five efforts at elected office, Kim eventually won a place on the National Assembly ( 1961 ) . By the age of 40 he had earned a repute as one of South Korea & # 8217 ; s most talented speechmakers and magnetic politicians. He became progressively critical of Park & # 8217 ; s policies, and in 1971, a twelvemonth after going president of the Korean Democratic Party, Kim ran against Park in a national presidential election. Kim lost, despite winning more than 40 per centum of the ballot. He was by so an vocal critic of the inhibitory policies of the Park government.In 1973 Kim was kidnapped from his hotel in Tokyo by agents of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency and was returned forcibly to South Korea ; this act badly strained dealingss between Japan and South Korea. In 1976 Kim was once more arrested, holding agitated for the Restoration of democracy. He was released in 1979 merely prior to Park & # 8217 ; s blackwash in October of that twelvemonth. Kim was arrested in Ma
Y 1980 on charges of sedition and confederacy and sentenced to decease, but Park’s replacement, President Chun Doo Hwan, commuted the sentence to life imprisonment and subsequently to 20 old ages. In December 1982 Kim was allowed to go forth South Korea for medical intervention in the United States, but the trip became an expatriate. Able to return to South Korea in 1985, he resumed his function as one of the chief leaders of the political resistance. In 1987 he ran for the presidential term and lost after dividing the antigovernment ballot with rival resistance campaigner Kim Young Sam. He ran once more for the presidential term in 1992 but was defeated by Kim Young Sam, who had merged his ain party with the governing party.Kim formed a new political party, the National Congress for New Politics, in 1995 and made his 4th command for the presidential term in 1997. By this clip the governing party had lost popularity owing to corruptness dirts in President Kim Young Sam’s disposal and the electorate’s indignation over the increasing instability of the South Korean economic system, which was caught in a fiscal crisis brushing through Southeast and East Asia. Kim formed an electoral alliance with a smaller conservative party led by Kim Jong Pil, and in the presidential election of December 18, 1997, Kim Dae Jung won a narrow triumph over the opinion party’s campaigner, Lee Hoi Chang.Once in office Kim set about bettering dealingss with North Korea. His “sunshine” policy allowed South Koreans to see relations in the North and eased regulations regulating South Korean investing in the state. In 1998 direct negotiations between the two states resumed after a four-year suspension.