Sumerians And Egyptians Essay, Research Paper
There are many ways that Ancient Egypt society and Mesopotamia
society are similar and at the same clip they are really different. The most
of import ways that their society & # 8217 ; s differ and are likewise are in their authorities,
faith, societal construction, scientific achievements, and their mentality on life.
The ways that the Egypt authorities and the Mesopotamia authorities
differ are how they are ruled. Egypt was one land and it was divided in to
states or names, the land was ruled by one individual known as the
Pharaoh. The states were ruled by nemarchs. Mesopotamia had many
independent city states with its ain authorities and swayer. In Egypt there was
political fusion achieved and in Mesopotamia political fusion was seldom
achieved. The Egyptian authorities was more of a stronger centralised
authorities and the Sumerian authorities was non as strong and more
Egyptian and Sumerian faiths have a batch of similarities. For one thing
they were both polytheistic. In Egypt people in each small town worshipped a small town
God in add-on to other Gods. Sumerians worshipped others Gods in add-on to
the God of their city state. In Egypt the swayer or the Pharaoh was a God, and in
Mesopotamia the swayers weren & # 8217 ; t known as Gods they were knows as
representatives of Gods. Both Egyptians and Sumerians both believed that
different Gods controlled the forces of nature. The Egyptians had a positive position
on the hereafter, but the Sumerians had a dark glooming position of the hereafter
because they thought the Gods were ever penalizing them.
Both Egyptians and Sumerians had their ain systems of authorship, even
though they were different they had their similarities. Egyptian authorship was
known as hieroglyphics, which were fundamentally images of objects. They chiefly
used hieroglyphics for records of spiritual rites. At first Egyptians carved
hieroglyphics on to lapidate or wood, subsequently they used flattened papyrus reeds and
wrote with ink and coppices. Sumerian authorship was known as cuneiform.
Cuneiform was merely symbols stand foring sounds and syllables. Sumerians
used a stylus, or a sharpened reed instrument, to do write on wet tablets of
clay. They baked the tablets so they would indurate up and be saved for records.
The people that did most of their authorship were known as Scribe. Priest set up
schools for the Scribes in temples.
Egyptians and Sumerians both had scientific achievements that they
were known for. Sumerians were the first people known to utilize the wheel. The
wheel helped the Sumerians for a batch of things. The Sumerians made many
betterments on farming. They built complex irrigation systems to impart
H2O though out the farming area. Both Egyptians and Sumerians used arithmetic
and geometry to study land and reestablish belongings likes after inundations swept
off boundary markers. The Sumerian system was based on the figure 60.
Sumerians were the first to utilize arches, columns, inclines, and inclined walks.
Egyptians produced a calendar with a 365-day twelvemonth. They divided the twelvemonth into
12 months. They besides made medical finds, they learned how to execute
surgery, how to put fractured castanetss and to handle spinal hurts. They were
known for their impressive rock memorials. They learned how to cut tall
obelisks from a individual stone, utilizing hot fires and cold H2O to do the
environing stones cleft.
The Egyptian mentality on life and the Sumerian mentality on life are wholly
different. The Egyptians had a positive mentality on like but on the other manus the
Sumerians had a dark glooming 1. The grounds for this are simple. The
Egyptians were looking frontward to their hereafter, their hereafter, they believed,
consisted them being happy, good fed, and busy with the same activities they
had enjoyed during their life. Because of that the Egyptians had something to
look forward to after they died. Besides in Egypt, the favourable clime of the Nile
Valley allowed the people to bask life and see their Gods as kindly forces. By,
contrast, the Sumerians feared of natural catastrophes and invasions, which
likely contributed to the glooming mentality on life. They believed that the Gods
punished them with inundations and or famine. Their glooming mentality on life made
them have a bad facet on their hereafter. They believed that at decease that they
were traveling to fall everlastingly into a dark underworld, a immense cave filled with
nil but dust and silence. Because of this they had nil to look frontward
to after decease so this made their like miserable.
This is how the Egyptian society and the Mesopotamia society are likewise
and different. They have many similar things and besides many differences. They
both have their ups and their downs.