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The Three Great Epics- Essay, Research Paper

The Three Great Epics-

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Three of the greatest literary plants are Oedipus the King,

Antigone and the Odyssey. Oedipus the King and Antigone, portion of a

three portion series, was composed by Sophocles and performed on the

phase during a three twenty-four hours festival. While Odyssey was narrative written

down by Homer and was one of the first recorded epicsthat was and is

still being read today. The undermentioned shall be a comparing between

these three great heroic poems in footings of their similarities and their

differences.

In comparing Oedipus the King, Antigone and Odyssey, there is

a similarity between all three of them in footings of the chief

characters leading in response to to state of affairss. In Oedipus the

King, the chief character that displays leading in response to a

state of affairs is Oedipus. In this heroic poem, Oedipus s leading is greatly

noted, particularly in the beginning and into the center. His

leading is greatly recognizable when he takes charge when the

Chorus and the Priest ask for his aid because of a pestilence in Thebes.

As a consequence Oedipus says, In all my hunt, I have found helpful

class, and that I have taken: I have sent Creon, Son of Menoikeus,

brother of the Queen, to Delphi, Apollo s topographic point of disclosure, To

learn at that place, if he can, What act or pledge of mine may salvage the

metropolis. ( Sophocles pg 153 ) Once Creon gets back with the word from the

Oracle, Oedipus springs into action when he says, I make this

announcement to all Thebans: If any adult male knows by whose manus Laios,

boy of Labdakos, met his decease, I direct that adult male to state me

everything, no affair what he fears for holding so long keep back it.

Let it stand as promised that no farther problem will come to him, but

he may go forth the land in safety. Furthermore: If anyone knows the

liquidator to be foreign, allow him non maintain silent:

He shall hold his wages from me. However, if he does hide it ; if

any adult male fearing for his friend or for himself disobeys this edict,

hear what I propose to make. I solemnly forbid the people of this

state. Where power and throne are mine, of all time to have that adult male or

speak to him, no affair who he is, or allow him fall in in forfeit,

lustration, or in supplication. I decree that he be driven from every place,

being, as he is, corruptness itself to us: the Delphic Voice of Zeus

has pronounced this disclosure. ( Sophocles pg 157-158 )

Based on all of these statements of Oedipus, it is hence

agreeable that Oedipus was a strong and a leader that took action.

In the drama Antigone, there is a character who responds to state of affairss

with leading and this character is Creon who is King of Thebes.

After the conflict between Polyneices of Argus and Eteocles of Thebes,

Polyneices successfully defends Thebes but he got killed in the conflict

every bit good as his brother. Creon gives a full military award funeral for

Eteocles for supporting the metropolis but as for Polyneices, Creon says,

Polyneices, I say, is to hold no entombment: no adult male is to touch him

or state the least supplication for him ; he shall lie on the field, unburied ;

and the birds and the scavenging Canis familiariss can make with him whatever they

like. This is my bid, and you can see the wisdom behind it. As

long as I am King, no treasonist is traveling to be honored with the loyal

adult male. But whoever shows by word and title that he is on the side of the

State, he shall hold my regard while he is populating and my fear

when he is dead. ( Sophocles pg 534 ) Based on this, Creon shows

first-class leading under this state of affairs because a war merely finished

and to do certain others will non make the same as Polyneices, that is

commit lese majesty, he gives this bid so others would mind his

warning and non to make what Polyneices has done. His actions are

justifiable since any good leader would make the same to forestall another

similar war from happening. In the heroic poem Odyssey, one character

responds to state of affairss with leading is Odyssey. When Odyssey and

his work forces find an unknown island, Odyssey takes charge and says to his

work forces, Old shipmates, friends, the remainder of you stand by ; I ll make the

traversing in my ain ship, with my ain company, for they may be wild

barbarians, and lawless, or hospitable and god fearing work forces. ( Homer p150 )

Another state of affairs where Odyssey displays leading is wh

en he and his

work forces are trapped in the Cyclops s cave and are at the clemency of the

Cyclops. Alternatively of merely sitting at that place and allowing his work forces be eaten

alive by this cruel animal, Odyssey hatches a program. He chopped out a

six foot subdivision of this pole and put it down before his work forces, who

scraped it ; and when they had it smooth, Odyssey hewed it once more to

do a interest with a pointed terminal. ( Homer p154 ) Then Odyssey got the

Cyclops rummy with vino so much that Cyclops collapsed from

poisoning. Then with the wooden interest he and his work forces bored that

great oculus socket while blood ran out around the ruddy hot saloon. Eyelid

and cilium were seared ; the perforated ball sissing grilling, and the roots

popped. ( Homer p156 ) This action of Odyssey shows that even under

any state of affairs, he will ever steer his work forces to the right class

under his bid. Based on these three great heroic poems, they are all in

similar because they characters of each heroic poem have a great common point

in footings of their leading under state of affairss.

Though these three heroic poems may hold a similarity, these heroic poems

greatly differ in with one another in footings of the Grecian Supreme beings and

Goddesss functions. In Oedipus the King the Gods and Goddesses play merely

a minor function, intending that they themselves do non take part in the

epic straight in footings of actions but take part based merely in footings

of them being merely mentioned in the play and them being mentioned of

their great power and their edicts. Such indicants in this heroic poem

are particularly noted in the Chorus. In one such illustration, the Chorus

say, Divine Zeus and Apollo hold perfect intelligence entirely of all

narratives of all time told, and good though diviner plants, he works in his ain

dark. ( Sophocles pg 164 ) Another illustration is when the Chorus says,

What is god singing in his profound Delphic of gold and

shadow? ( Sophocles pg 156 ) Antigone besides similar to Oedipus Rex in

footings of the limited action of the Gods and goddesses. Such

indicants in Antigone is when the Chorus says, What person

haughtiness transcends the wrath of Zeus? Sleep can non lill him, nor

he is immature everlastingly, and his house is the reflecting twenty-four hours of high

Olympus. ( Sophocles pg 542 ) Just like in Oedipus Rex, this citation

in Antigone shows that the Gods and goddesses do non straight impact

the characters of the play but instead they are merely talked approximately.

However in Odyssey, the Gods and goddesses play a really active function.

One such illustration is the conversation between the one of the Gods named

Hermes and Odyssey. Hermes says to Odyssey, Why take the inland way

entirely, hapless mariner, by hill and dale upon this island all unknown?

Your friends are locked in Kirke s picket ; all are become like swine

to see ; and if you go put them liberate you go to remain, and ne’er do

canvas for your place upon Thaki. ( Homer pg 173 ) Another incidence of

the Gods and goddesses active function in this play is when Odyssey

radius to Athena, O Mentor, fall in me in this battle! Remember how all

my life I ve been devoted to you, friend of my young person! ( Homer pg

416 ) Based on this, Oedipus Rex and Antigone are similar because of

the Gods and goddess s limited function in footings of their action unlike

Odyssey, which has a greater function for it s Gods and goddesses.

In decision the three great heroic poems ; Oedipus the King,

Antigone and Odyssey are similar in footings of the characters taking

leading when the state of affairs demanded it. Besides these three heroic poems

differed in footings of the actions of the Gods and goddesses and how

they were presented in the heroic poems. Possibly the ground why these great

heroic poems have endured over 1000s of old ages is possibly because of their

cosmopolitan content. Possibly they have endured because they were merely

gratifying narratives to be told around a big assemblage. Whatever the

instance, these narratives provided a beginning of amusement for a people

that lived long before engineering and for these narratives to even do

it in these times is certainly must intend it is a great narrative.

& # 8212 ;

1. Homer. Odyssey. Translator: Robert Fitzgerald. New York:

Vintage Classicss 1990

2. Sophocles. Antigone. Translators: Robert Fitzgerald & A ; Dudley

Fitts. New York: Vintage Classicss 1990

3. Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Translators: Robert Fitzgerald & A ;

Dudley Fitts. New York: Vintage Classicss 1990

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